It is home to Japanese macaque.
Monkey Park or jigokudani snow monkey Park (Jigokudani Yaen-koen Jigokudani Monkey Park) is an unusual location, lying on an altitude of 850 meters in the valley of Ecou (Yokoyu) on the island of Honshu, Japan. It is located in the Northern part of Nagano Prefecture and is part of the Joshinetsu Kogen national Park. Famous Jigokudani thanks to a colony of Japanese macaques, which live on site and demonstrate a very original behavior.
Because of the steep cliffs, thick forests, cold rising from the ground steam and boiling water that spills from the cracks of the frozen soil, the ancient people called this place hell Valley (Jigokudani), from what occurred present name of the Park. The third year the local territory is covered with snow. However, despite the harsh conditions and a large number of active hot springs in the monkey Park jigokudani for several centuries, is home to a colony of the famous Japanese macaques, also known as snow monkeys. Their number on-site attractions can reach 200 individuals. The main highlight of Jigokudani, the monkeys love to hot thermal springs (Onsen), in the pools where they are like in huge baths, nuzzle, cling to each other and, as can be seen in many of the photos receive from this process a lot of fun.
According to official data provided by the nature Spa snow monkeys began to develop around since 1963. The opening of the Park dates back to 1964. Since inception, he rapidly began to gain worldwide popularity as the only place where you can observe the bathing Japanese macaques in the wild. In the “bathing” season (end Nov-March) monkey Park receives huge number of tourists. For photographers and researchers the Japanese Jigokudani is a unique opportunity to observe monkeys up close, studying their appearance and habits in natural conditions.
Locals say that for the first time in a hot tub, took one of the females he saw the water spilled the beans, she reached into the water for potential prey. Her example was followed by other primates, laying the beginning of the emergence of new attractions.
The Japanese macaque is the most Northern species of monkeys that are able to withstand temperatures below -15°C. They are particularly thick gray-brown fur, warming them in the cold of winter. In the North of Japan, where the average winter temperature is -5°C, Japanese macaques of the island of Honshu find extra warmth in the hot waters of thermal springs. Because of its eminent habits they have become one of the main attractions of Nagano Prefecture. This species of monkey is threatened with extinction and protected by relevant organizations.
Spring and summer Japanese macaques spend their time lying high in the mountains, forest, traveling from tree to tree and collecting various Goodies. When come the winter cold and the local area enveloped in a thick layer of snow, animals move down the mountain slopes and stop in the hot springs of hell Valley, enjoying a vacation in a natural Spa. In warm time of the year their love for the water is not lost monkey find small ponds, where cool down and have fun, just as humans do.
In the natural pools Jigokudani monkey Park, Japanese macaques bathe with their families, basking, relaxing and closing his eyes from pleasure. On very cold days primates become hostages to their hot tubs going out for food on the frosty air, their wet fur covered with ice, causing the animals becomes even colder. For such cases to ensure sustenance basking in the water, group of animals clever monkey thought of a kind of system of duties macaque with dry hair wet bring their relatives food directly to the pools.